Role of Institutions in Managing Agriculture-Related Climate Risks: Angat Reservoir Case Study, Bulacan, Philippines

Agnes C Rola, Dulce D Elazegui
Vol 11 No 1 (2008), pp. 26-39




Using the Angat-Maasim River Irrigation System (AMRIS) as a case study, this paper described the normative and positive functions of the various national and local institutions in coping with climate variability. It traced the decision making process in the water allocation and delivery in the AMRIS; and the roles of the national institutions, the AMRIS, the irrigators’ associations and the local governments in the decision process. It also illustrated the impacts of the decisions made by institutions on the farmers’ agricultural production and the operations of the National Irrigation Administration (NIA).

The findings suggest that a participatory approach is used in the water delivery decision, i.e. by the NIA and the Irrigators Associations; but the water allocation decision is beyond the control of the NIA. A biophysical model is used in the water delivery and allocation decisions, but farmers also contributed their local indigenous knowledge in the process. However, huge losses in farmers’ rice production and NIA income were recorded during extreme climate events due to the current institutional decision making process. These losses could be minimized and agriculture sector could be more insulated from climate variability if more scientific based decisions come into play. This however requires more reliable forecasts from the weather agency and more proactive behavior of support institutions


Keywords: irrigation, institutions, Angat Reservoir, climate risk management, agriculture, rice

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