Factors Influencing Participation in the Waste Management Program of Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada

Alan D Moscoso
Vol 7 No 2 (2004), pp. 1-13




The Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), Nova Scotia, Canada, implements the Integrated Waste/Resource Management Strategy (IWRMS) that treats garbage not as a waste, but as a resource. The IWRMS has three components: recycling, composting, and household hazardous waste. The IWRMS integrates responsibility from the waste producers. Households are required to segregate their wastes at the source before they are set out and collected from the curb. This study gathers responses from 265 households around HRM to identify what factors influence their participation in the program, particularly in recycling and composting. The results show that participation in recycling is influenced mainly by a positive personal norm or the behavior has already become part of the participant’s lifestyle. Other factors that have some influence on recycling behavior are higher household income and a strong neighborhood attachment. The main factors that influence participation in composting are personal norm and ownership of dwelling. Other factors that motivate composting are higher household income, older age, knowledge on proper segregation, and finding interest in composting activities. The results show that personal norm is related with knowledge, convenience, and satisfaction in recycling, as well as convenience in composting.


Keywords: environmental education, environmental behavior, recycling, composting

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