Institutional Arrangements for Solid Waste Management in Cebu City, Philippines

Rico C Ancog, Nestor D Archival, Carmelita M Rebancos
Vol 15 No 2 (2012), pp.




The formulated solid waste management strategies in the highly urbanized Cebu City in Central Philippines was set to directly target identified waste concerns to fully maximize limited resources. Based on Friedman test conducted to evaluate differences of the solid waste generation in years 2007-2009, no statistically significant reduction effects of the prior solid waste ordinances and strategies implemented in 1990 and 2004 was found (p-value=0.431 < α=5%). It was realized that programs implemented must provide economic incentives to fully impress upon constituents that waste is a resource. A coordinated enforcement scheme through the formation of the Cebu Environmental Sanitation Enforcement Team (CESET) of the city government in partnership with the community and civil society and along with the creation of special environmental courts have resulted for the enforcement measures to take effect. Forging strategic partnerships arrangements with both local and international groups to help advance city waste management was deemed important particularly on the aspects solid waste management capability trainings, landfill facility improvement, waste to energy project implementation as well as on the procurement of waste management equipments. In a decentralized environmental management common among many developing countries, harnessing various institutional arrangements to enhance participation and cooperation among stakeholders could be found useful to enhance local government units’ capacity to provide basic public services while also achieving environmental targets.


Keywords: solid waste management, institutional arrangements, Cebu City