Socio-Economic Study of Two Major Metro Manila Esteros

Glorina P Orozco
Special Issue No 1 (2013), pp. 52-59




Two major Manila esteros namely Estero de San Miguel and Estero de Quiapo, were studied to determine their socio-economic status. Socio-economic study revealed that attitude and actions of stakeholders to their esteros were influenced primarily by their economic status, educational and cultural background. Survey also showed the awareness of the communities on the problems of esteros and their willingness to cooperate in the rehabilitation of their polluted canals. Institutional initiatives such as environmental education and community-based programs were looked into as possible key for the effective rehabilitation and attainment of sustainability of Manila esteros.


Keywords: Esteros, awareness and socio-economic status

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